A BRIEF HISTORY OF CRANBERRIES
The Cranberry has long been a part of our Thanksgiving Dinners but how much do you know about how the Cranberry became part of our culture. The Cranberry really has a long history in North America and had a significant place in everyday Indian life.
The Cranberry was used by the Indians to brighten up food, to treat wounds from poisoned arrows and as a dye for carpets and blankets. Pilgrim women learned about the Cranberry from the friendly Indians and they soon began to create their own methods of fixing cranberries for their dinner tables. (beverages ) Now at our Thanksgiving Dinner Tables Cranberries are served in different kinds – Whole Berry Sauce, Jellied Cranberry Sauce, Cranberry Orange Relish and occasionally as part of a salad.
Cranberries are also used in baked goods – they create an superb fruit for Quick Breads and a good Sauce for Waffles and Pancakes.
Cranberries were called different names by Indians of different locations. A Few of the names they were called are listed below:
Atoqua – Algonquians in Wisconsin
Pakimintzen – New Jersey (emblem of Peace)
The modern day title”Cranberry” was a contraction of berry berry, an early name given to the berries because their pale pink blossoms resembled the head of a crane and Sandhill Cranes were seen in the lowlands eating the berries.
Cultivation of Cranberries started in Massachusetts nearly 200 years after the landing of the Pilgrims. In 1816 Henry Hall of Dennis, Cape Cod, noticed that cranberries seemed to grow large and juicier where sand in the dunes blew over the vines. Cultivation now came from this simple observation made nearly 200 years ago.
Cranberries grow on peat soil that’s been covered with a 3 inch layer of sand. Cuttings or branches from existing cranberry vines are planted deep enough to take root in the peat soil under the sand. The vines, planted about six inches apart, slowly spread over the ground forming a thick green carpet. The vines are weeded in the spring, pruned in the fall, fertilized and re-sanded every three or four decades. Birds are required to control the insects and bees pollinate the blossoms.
A good Cranberry is going to have a bounce to it. In the Ocean Spray plant, if a berry doesn’t bounced it’ll be rejected. Today, these tart berries are used in numerous dishes in addition to Cranberry Sauce.